If you are experiencing blurred vision or difficulty reading, cataract surgery can be an option to improve your sight. An ophthalmologist can assess the severity of your vision issues and recommend this surgical procedure. Here are some common questions about cataract eye surgery:
What Causes Cataracts?
The natural deterioration of proteins in the lens can cause cataracts. Other factors, such as age, genetics, trauma to the eye, and diabetes can also cloud your lens, leading to blurred vision. Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications can increase the risk of developing cataracts. Smoking and long-term UV exposure could lead to cataract development in your eyes.
When Should I Consider Cataract Surgery?
Cataract eye surgery can be helpful when the clouding of the lens affects your daily activities and sight. Frequent changes in eyeglass prescription could be cataracts worsening your vision, meaning surgery can be an option. Increase sensitivity to glare from lights when driving at night could be a sign to schedule cataract eye surgery. If you are experiencing double vision or seeing halos around bright lights, cataract surgery can help correct these issues. Individuals with distorted vision could be good candidates for cataract eye surgery.
How Is Cataract Eye Surgery Performed?
Before surgery, an ophthalmologist applies numbing eye drops to your eyes and cleans them. After that, the surgeon creates a corneal flap using the phacoemulsification technique. This can be laser-assisted to break up the cataract into small fragments. The surgeon suctions out the fragments to remove the cloudy lens. After that, the ophthalmologist inserts an intraocular lens which is an artificial lens. The expert then repositions the corneal flap, which adheres without the need for stitches.
What Are the Lens Replacement Options for Cataracts?
During surgery, an ophthalmologist can suggest different lens replacement options to correct your vision and reduce dependence on glasses or contact lenses. Monofocal lenses can be useful for providing better distance vision. If you have this type of intraocular lens in your eyes, you can wear glasses to sharpen your vision.
Toric lenses can correct astigmatism and cataracts by compensating for the cornea’s irregular shape. Multifocal lenses can improve near, far, and intermediate vision. Vivity lens uses X-wave technology to elongate focal range and boost far and intermediate vision. Trifocal lenses can boost vision for patients in all ranges.
How Much Does Cataract Surgery Cost?
The cost of cataract eye surgery depends on the type of intraocular lens implanted and your surgeon’s experience. Follow-up care, pre-operative and post-operative consultations can contribute to the overall expenses. Different insurance plans can cover your surgery, but you can consult your insurer to know your coverage and out-of-pocket expenses. Consult your ophthalmologist to get accurate estimates of the expected costs.
Are There Precautions After Cataract Eye Surgery?
After cataract eye surgery, your ophthalmologist can cover your eye with a patch or protective shield to protect your eye. You can use prescribed eye drops to reduce inflammation, prevent infection, and promote healing. Avoid activities like heavy lifting, bending, or strenuous exercises that can strain your eyes. Wear sunglasses to shield your eyes from direct sunlight which can be harsh during your healing stage. Attend all your follow-up appointments with your surgeon to monitor your progress and adjust medication if necessary.
Book an Appointment for Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery replaces a clouding lens with an intraocular lens to offer you better vision. This surgical procedure can also correct pre-existing eye issues like astigmatism. Choose an experienced ophthalmologist who uses advanced technology like the Centurion system to remove cataracts. This expert can discuss lens replacement options with you before surgery. Schedule an appointment with an eye specialist for an evaluation.